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  Pôle Emploi


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Recent and current changes in laws relating to the status/organisation/function of the PES

What is changing, what has changed (legal)?

  • Over the past two years, the ANPE has focused on modernising its services and partnerships by developing tools for a more personalised relationship with job seekers and businesses:
  • Setting up differentiated paths and procedures to help job seekers find work;
  • Developing a personalised monthly follow-up;
  • Expanding access to distance services,
  • Consolidating and diversifying relations with businesses.
  • The public employment service’s partnerships with other actors were reinforced first of all with Unédic, which is in charge of compensation. These two networks have been encouraged to operate more closely with one another, and also with local authorities who have responsibilities for integrating recipients of basic welfare benefits.
  • The Act Reforming the Organisation of the Public Employment Service was promulgated on 13 February 2008. It lays down the general organisation of the public employment service and creates a new national public institution formed by merging the ANPE with the operations network of UNEDIC (Union nationale pour l’emploi dans l’industrie et le commerce, National Union for Employment in Industry in Commerce). UNEDIC is the organisation that sets the rules for and manages unemployment insurance. It is in charge of paying benefits to jobless workers, registering job seekers (by delegation from the ANPE), and financing a portion of the training and benefits intended for job seekers drawing allowances.
  • This reform will create a national public institution with legal personality and financial autonomy, using a private management approach. The Law of 13 February 2008 specifies its missions:
  1. To explore the labour market, develop expertise concerning the evolution of jobs and qualifications, gather listings of job vacancies, assist and advise businesses regarding recruitment, arrange contacts between prospective employers and job seekers, and work actively to help combat discrimination in hiring and to support equality on the job;
  2. To receive, inform, orient and assist individuals, whether jobless or not, in seeking a job, training or vocational counselling; to prescribe any useful actions so as to develop their occupational skills and improve their employability, favour their redeployment and advancement in their occupation, facilitate their geographical and occupational mobility, and participate in programmes for social and occupational integration;
  3. To register job seekers as unemployed, keep the rolls up to date under the terms of Articles L. 311-5 and L. 311-5-1, and in this context monitor the job seeking process under the terms of Article L. 351-18;
  4. To provide insurance benefit services on behalf of the entity managing the unemployment insurance system, and on behalf of the State or the Solidarity Fund created by Law No. 82-939 of 4 November 1982 relating to the exceptional solidarity contribution for jobless workers, provide the solidarity benefit services under Articles L. 351-9, L. 351-10, L. 351-10-1, L. 351-10-2 and L. 351-13-1, the return-to-work subsidy under Article L. 322-12 for the recipients of specific solidarity benefits, the lump-sum subsidy under Article L. 351-20, and any other benefit or aid whose payment the State may entrust to it by agreement;
  5. To collect data regarding the labour market and compensation paid to job seekers, and to process, distribute and make available this data to the services of the State and the managing entity of the unemployment insurance system; 
  6. To implement all other actions in relation to its mission that may be entrusted to it by the State, local authorities, and the entity managing the unemployment insurance system”.
  • In a first phase, a provisional authority will be created, with a designation of the managing authorities. It will be the predecessor of the public national institution, and will draw up the proposal for the organisation of services.
  • On 1 January 2009, creation of a new public national institution.

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